Most Popular Makeup Products
Make-up application is as important as the quality of make-up materials. Leaving your skin stuffy under makeup products can cause serious skin problems.
Foundations Foundations are used to hide color differences and cover color irregularities in people of all skin colors. Foundations for white race should be at least 7-8 tones. In short, the foundation is a pigmented moisturizer. Face foundations are applied to the entire face and used for a long time. Therefore, it plays an important role in the treatment of the skin, but it is also the most problematic facial cosmetics. Face foundation is a modern product; It was developed and patented by Max Factor in 1936 especially for use in the film industry. It soon became popular for its excellent coverage, velvety appearance and ability to give the face the desired color.
Formulation There are 4 main foundation formulas: 1) oil-based, 2) water-based, 3) oil-free and 4) anhydrous or anhydrous forms of anhydrous. Oil-based products are produced for dry skins; Water-based ones can be suitable for any type of leather.
Vegetable oils (coconut, sesame, safflower (= safflower)) and synthetic esters (isopropyl myristate, octyl palmitate, isopropyl palmitate) may also be added. After the application, the water in the foundation evaporates, allowing the pigment in the oil to remain on the face. This situation causes the moist skin feeling desired, especially in those with dry skin. Since they are completely prepared in the oily phase of the formula, oil-based foundation does not change color when mixed with the oil of the skin.
Water-based foundations are oil-in-water emulsions with a small amount of oil in which the pigment is emulsified. The primary emulsifying agent is usually a soap such as triethanolamine or a nonionic surfactant. A smaller amount of secondary emulsifying agent is usually glyceryl stearate or propylene glycyl stearate. These popular foundations are suitable for very little dry or normal skin. Since the pigment is found in oil, no color change is observed in these types. Since the amount of oil it contains is less, the usage time is shorter. These products are usually sold in bottles.
Oil-free foundations do not contain animal, vegetable or mineral oils. Contains silicones, dimethicone or other fatty substances such as cyclomethicone.Silicone is noncomedogenic, nonacnegenic and hypoallergic. For this reason, it has become very popular. These products are also generally liquid and sold in bottles.
Oil-controlled foundations should not be mixed with oil-free foundations. All foundations contain dryers that absorb leather oil. Oil controllers also have additional desiccants that can absorb large amounts of leather oil such as talc, kaolin, starch or other polymers. These dryers are generally based on dimethicone; however, mineral oils can be added to some formulas. Therefore, oil-controlled foundations do not mean oil-free.
Anhydrous or anhydrous foundations are water resistant. Vegetable oil, mineral oil, lanolin alcohol and synthetic esters make up the oil phase. These can be mixed with candles to create a cream. The amount of pigment can be increased to give opacity to the foundation. Coloring agents are based on titanium dioxide and iron oxide, and sometimes ultramarine blue can be added in addition to these. Titanium dioxide works as both a cover and a covering. These products can be easily used to cover these marks on people with scars on their faces.
Surface properties Foundations are produced with different finishing properties, namely finish: matte, semi-matte, moist semi-matte and glossy.Matte finish foundations are non-reflective and generally oil-free. Such products are suitable for oily skinned people whose skin starts to shine after a period of foundation application. There is little shine in a semi-matte finish and is generally oil-free or water-based. It is suitable for light oily and normal leather. The moist semi-matte foundation is usually water-based with a moderate oil content. It is suitable for normal and dry leathers. Gloss foundations are oil-based and suitable for dry leathers. Such foundations also have moisturizing properties.
Application The preferred foundation should be as close to the skin color as possible. However, this can be difficult to detect. For example, the skin of the nose and cheeks is more reddish than the forehead and chin. The foundation is matched to the skin of the lower jaw corner, because the color of the face and the color of the skin under the chin must be matched. The color of the foundation should be chosen in sunlight; Intense fluorescent light used in stores may impair color perception.
In general, foundation should be applied with fingertips. A little bit of foundation should be placed on the forehead, nose, chin and cheeks and distributed homogeneously with circular movements until it spreads over the entire face skin, including lips.The same attention should be paid to the eye area. If desired, foundation can be applied to the entire upper eyelid. Then, time should be allowed for the foundation to settle or dry and the foundation should not be removed with a light touch. If additional closure is desired, a second layer can be applied.
Side reactions Foundations rarely cause allergic or irritant contact dermatitis. Generally, such reactions are caused by the fragrances or preservatives in the foundation. The reason why irritant contact dermatitis is more common is that such products are used for more than 8 hours a day. Foundations can be tested open or closed as a spot (patch). Some foundations have the phrase “suitable for sensitive skin” on them. What is meant by this is not exactly known. As a result of the examination of these products, it has been observed that there is no product group or chemical in these products that may cause any allergy. However, these products may contain additional substances such as allantoin that soothe the skin.
POWDERS Powders cover color irregularities, control oil, give the leather a matte appearance and provide smoothness when touched.Liquid foundations have taken the place of powdered foundations. However, powdered foundations give the best results for those who want a velvety closure that controls skin oil very well. A moisturizer suitable for the person’s skin type is applied and time is allowed to dry or sit. The translucent powder is then applied.
Formulation All coating powders contain predominantly talc (hydrated magnesium silicate) and increasing amounts of covering pigments. These pigments can be classified according to their opacity: titanium dioxide, kaolin, magnesium carbonate, magnesium stearate, zinc stearate, prepared lime, zinc oxide, rice flour, lime precipitate and talc.
Usually the best opacity is achieved with particles of 0.25 micron size. It is accepted. Magnesium carbonate is also oil drier and can be used as an anti-wetting powder and absorbent of additional perfumes. Kaolin (hydrated aluminum silicate) can also be used as an oil and sweat absorber. Powders are usually in layer form and are applied to the face with a powder puff. Transparent powders contain the same formulas, but contain smaller amounts of talc, titanium dioxide or zinc oxide.
POWDERS Powders usually use iron oxides as the main pigment, but such as ultramarine, chromium oxide and chromium hydrate. Other inorganic pigments can also be used.For this reason, transparent powders can help people who cannot find a foundation of the appropriate color.
Application Powders are compressed. It is applied with a powder puff or brush. They give a matte finish to the face. In dry skin, they can cause further drying of the skin. However, it can be very beneficial for people whose skin is oily and therefore glowing.
Adverse effects Generally, powder does not cause such reactions, but odors in it can cause problems. However, irritant contact dermatitis can be seen due to coarse particles in its formula. Inhaling the powder can cause problems in people with asthma or vasomotor rhinitis. Stain test can be applied with powders closed or open.
ALLIKES It is used to increase the pinkish color of the cheeks.
Formulation Blush powders are also formulated like powders, but more vivid color pigments have been added. There is not much zinc oxide in it, as color is required rather than closing feature. Cream blushes are like anhydrous (anhydrous) foundations and contain esters, waxes, mineral oil, titanium dioxide and pigments.
Application For a natural look, the application of cheek colors should be started from the fleshy part of the cheek just below the eye and towards the outer part of the eye. must be applied.Stain test can be applied as closed or open.
RUJES Lip colors have been used since 7000 BC, that is, Sumerians. This practice has been passed down from Egyptians to Syrians, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Romans and today’s society. Today’s lipstick emerged in 1920, when there were boxes in which lipsticks, called push-up holders, were translated and taken out and re-translated and put into them.
Formulation Lipsticks are a mixture of waxes, oils and pigments in different concentrations. For example, a lipstick that is desired to stay on the lips for a long time contains a high amount of wax, a small amount of oil and a high amount of pigment. On the other hand, lipstick, which gives a smooth and creamy appearance, contains less wax and more oil. The waxes used in lipsticks are generally beeswax, natural beeswax (candelila wax), Brazil beeswax (carnauba wax), ozokerite wax, lanolin wax, ceresin wax and other synthetic waxes. Generally, various mixtures of these waxes are used to achieve the desired melting point. Castor oil, white mineral oil, lanolin oil, hydrogenated vegetable oils or oleyl alcohol are used as oil.Oils are also necessary for the dispersion of the pigment in the product.
Different types of colorants are used in lipsticks. Non-smearing colors and lipstick permanence are achieved by using bromo acids consisting of fluorescent, halogenated fluorescents and water-insoluble dyes. Other pigments are water-insoluble dyes and depositing dyes. Metallic deposits are insoluble paints deposited or deposited in a metallic material such as aluminum. For example FD&C Blue No. 1 is an azo dye deposited in aluminum. (Azo dyes are azobenzene derivatives, usually yellow, red and brown in color and have acid or base properties). Other deposited colors are based on calcium or barium salts.
Adverse effects A range of ingredients unique to lipsticks can cause problems for sensitive individuals. Castor oil, found in most lipsticks, is used for its excellent ability to dissolve bromo acid dyes; It rarely causes allergic contact dermatitis. The major lipstick sensitizers in the mid-1920s were bromo acid dyes. One of these is eosin (D&C Red No.In those years, eosin was used in water-insoluble red lipsticks. These unrelenting lipsticks have started to take their places in the market again. Since lipsticks inevitably enter the mouth, the reliability of the coloring agents in lipsticks has become very important. FDA certificated colors are divided into three groups: 1) Food, Drug and Cosmetic (FD&C) colors, 2) Drug & Cosmetic (D&C) colors and 3) External drug & Cosmetic colors. It can be used only in the first two groups of lipsticks.
FAR (EYE SHADOW) It can be in the form of eye shadow, compressed powder, anhydrous (anhydrous) cream, emulsion and pencil. The color choice is abundant, but tar products are never used around the eyes. Pressed powders are the most popular, they are applied by applying a soft sponge applicator to the eyelid. These eyeshadows usually contain pigmented talc and zinc or magnesium stearate as a binder. Kaolin and lime can be used both to increase oil absorption and to increase the duration of use. Surface properties range from matt to pearly luster to metallic luster. Titanium dioxide is used in pastel matte finish to increase the closing effect.Bismuth oxychloride, mica and fish scale extract are standard materials to provide pearl luster. The metallic luster is copper, brass. It is obtained by adding aluminum or silver powders.
Adverse effects The skin of the eyelid is the thinnest skin of the body and often both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis can be seen. North American Contact Dermatitis Group determined that 12% of cosmetic reactions occur in the eyelids. However, 4% of these reactions are related to eye makeup. Moreover, it is difficult to determine the etiology of eyelid dermatitis with routine spot tests. Many substances can get into the eyes through hands. If it is determined that eye makeup is the cause of dermatitis, it should be determined whether it is irritant or allergic contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis is more common. Usage testing is generally recommended. In the use test, the headlight is applied to the edge of the eyelid for 5 consecutive nights and then evaluated.
MASKARA It is the most commonly used eye cosmetics. The original mascara used by women in most historical civilizations is antimony trisulfite-based charcoal.US Food has banned the use of tar colors for Drug and Cosmetic Act eyelashes. For this reason, mascara colorants should be chosen from vegetable colors or inorganic pigments and deposit colors.
Among the colors used, iron oxide black, ultramarine blue navy and amber or burnt sienna or synthetic coffee oxide brown are used. Liquid mascara is the most popular. Liquid mascaras can be classified as water-based, solvent-based and water / solvent hybrid mixtures. These products are unique in that they have an automatic mascara tube that allows a round brush to peel off itself through a small hole in the mouth of the tube and thus remove a certain amount of product from the brush.
Water-based mascaras are made of waxes (wax, Brazilian wax, synthetic waxes), pigments (iron Oxides, chromium oxides, ultramarine blue, red (carmine), titanium dioxide) and water-dissolved resin, so it is called. It is classified as an oil-in-water emulsion. The water evaporates, resulting in a product that thickens and thicken the lashes. Since the product is water soluble, it is easy to remove but can be contaminated by sweat or tears.Water-based mascaras can be easily contaminated by aquatic bacteria. For this reason, it should usually contain preservatives such as parabens. Therefore, it can cause allergic reactions in people sensitive to paraben. However, water-based masks are the least irritating type of mascara. Solvent-based mascaras consist of petroleum distillates to which pigments and waxes are added. Therefore, it is water resistant. It does not smear with sweat and tears, but requires an oil-based cleansing lotion or cream for removal. When the product is not removed enough, residues may remain in the eyelashes. Since these mascaras require a longer drying time, they should be protected from contamination immediately after application.
Preservatives are added to solvent-based mascaras, but since petroleum-based solvent is antibacterial, germ contamination is not a big problem. In some products, talc or kaolin can be added to increase lash thickening and nylon or rayon fibers can be added to lengthen lashes. Solvent-based mascaras can irritate the eyes. Some mascaras can include both solvent-based and water-based systems to form either an oil-in-water or water-in-oil emulsion.The most feared is corneal infection, especially with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and it can permanently affect vision. Although the mascara contains preservatives, it would be wise to dispose of the mascara tubes 3 months after the first use and ensure that other people do not use the same mascara tube.
People with recurrent bacterial infections should prefer solvent-based mascaras. Fungal infections can also be seen, although they are rare. Fungal infections are most common in people who are immunocompromised or wear contact lenses. If the tear and the mascara reach the conjunctival sac, the conjunctiva can be stained. This situation is mostly seen in the upper border of the tarsal conjunctiva. Generally, there is no cure for this asymptomatic situation.